Up to 20 years ago inselbergs belonged to the least disturbed ecosystems. Today many inselbergs are threatened by negative human activities. Among the major disturbances are mining, tourism, weed invasion and fire. In certain regions, for example in India near Bangalore and in Espirito Santo state in Brazil, inselbergs have completely disappeared from the landscape due to excessive mining. Our goal is to develop strategies which could result in the conservation of at least part of these iconic ecosystems.